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Radically Gay

Gay Liberation in the Words of Its Founder


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“With the full realization that, in order to earn for ourselves any place in the sun, we must with perseverance and self-discipline work collectively for the full first-class citizenship participation of Minorities everywhere, including ourselves.” —Harry Hay, 1950

Activist, author, teacher, and visionary, Harry Hay is an American original. Through eight decades of living he has witnessed—and left his mark on—some of the most significant social and cultural movements of the twentieth century, from avant garde theater and film-making to trade unionism and Marxism, Native American revivalism, and New Age spirituality. But of all the movements he has witnessed and participated in, it is his role in launching Gay liberation that has earned him a permanent place in history.


“Will Roscoe has assembled a crackling collection of provocative, inspiring essays written by Hay during the course of his long struggle for freedom and liberation.”
—Lambda Book Report


“Harry Hay is a remarkable individual....[Radically Gay] provides wonderful glimpses into Hay's own evolution from Marxist pedant to shamanic faerie elder.”
—San Francisco Bay Times


“...offers valuable insight into the vision of one man who made it possible for milliions to live in dreedom and with self-respect.”
New York Native


“Roscoe's work is a model of clear and grounded academic writing.”
—Harvard Gay & Lesbian Review

By now the story of the early Mattachine movement should be well known—how in 1948 in Los Angeles Harry Hay began pursuing “a vision-quest more important than life,”as he once described—the formation of an organization of homosexuals for homosexuals. It had began as a wild idea spun out at a Gay party on a summer night. Hay had just come from signing a petition on behalf of the third party candidacy of Henry Wallace. It was the eve of the cold war and Wallace represented for progressives a bright spot on the political horizon. As the party-goers discussed the election, Hay suddenly had the idea that homosexuals might organize themselves and lobby for a plank in Wallace’s platform calling for reform of sex laws. Others brought up objections, but Hay found answers for them all. That night he wrote up a prospectus for an organization devoted to the welfare of Gay people—“Bachelors’s Anonymous.”

After few phone calls the next morning, however, he discovered he was the only one of the party-goers who took the conversation seriously.

Two more years would pass before Hay found another Gay man who would join him, Rudi Gernreich, and several months more before these two, now lovers, found three more and launched the Mattachine movement. They named the organization after a traditional European folk dance called les Mattachines, performed in Renaissance France by fraternities of clerics (i.e., unmarried men), called sociétés joyeuses, whose public performances satirized the rich, powerful, high, and holy. The Mattachine movement, launched in the midst of the anti-Communist, anti-homosexual hysteria of the post-war era, would involve, in three short years, an estimated five thousand homosexuals in California, while its name, carrying the promise of freedom, spread throughout the United States and the world. When a Mattachine discussion group decided to start ONE magazine in 1953, the organization provided an initial mailing list of some three thousand names. By that time, Mattachine had successfully challenged in court the entrapment of one of its founders—in those days an ever-present danger in the lives of Gay men...

Before there could be a social movement of homosexuals, regardless of the presence of the necessary social conditions, someone had to think about homosexuals and homosexuality in a new way. Harry Hay was one of the first to do so. How he made that breakthrough is a story that will unfold in the course of this collection. For now, it is important to stress that this breakthrough was and had to be visionary in nature, not merely political. Considering the stigma of homosexuality in those years, only the passion of “a vision-quest more important than life” could make it possible for one man with a new idea to inspire others to adopt it. That’s what Hay did in 1950 and what he continued to do to throughout his life—inspiring us with his enthusiasm for being Gay, with his golden visions of the goodness, rightness, and beauty of that way of being. These visions are the heart and core of what the Gay movement is about.

As this collection reveals, Hay has remained relevant decade after decade without repudiating any of his past. Rather, he has managed to absorb each new wave of cultural and political change, wrestling with it mightily to synthesize the new and the old, and then announcing the results to the world. Hay’s thinking has grown by accretion. What might seem a series of agonizing ruptures—between politics and art, or Marxism and spirituality—Hay has experienced as organic growth, albeit slow and sometimes painful. And, too, part of Hay’s personal dynamism comes from the way he embodies contradictions. He is an opera queen who has mastered Marxist dialectics; a farm hand who could rein in a team of horses with one hand and today never fails to appear in public without a string of fake pearls; a radical Gay separatist who has never stopped working in coalitions with non-Gays; a well-mannered scion of middle-class Edwardians and an in-your-face activist; an indefatigable organizer who relishes the solitude of the night, reading, writing, thinking, and surfing channels on TV.


Harry Hay is the Lesbian/Gay movement’s Malcolm X—the unassimilable radical who returns in every generation to inspire those young-at-heart unwilling to accept indignities that their elders have learned to accommodate. He was there at the beginning, in 1948, talking about homosexuals as a cultural minority; he was there in the sixties urging stodgy homophiles to make room for Gay liberation; he was there in the seventies challenging a new wave of Gay assimilationists with radical faerie vision; he was there in the eighties, speaking to the Gay masses in New York’s Central Park on the twentieth anniversary of Stonewall, wearing a camouflage skirt over a pair of blue jeans. Hay always raises the stakes one more notch, challenging us to demand more, chiding us for seeking the approval of heterosexuals at the expense of our integrity. He is the Gay movement’s antidote to complacency.

Isn’t it time we paid more attention to what this visionary has to say?

—from the Preface by Will Roscoe



Gay Liberation: The Birth of an Idea by Will Roscoe

Prologue—“How did he know?”—A Blessing from Wovoka


“We, the Androgynes of the world”—Preliminary Concepts: International Bachelors Fraternal Order for Peace & Social Dignity

“The heroic objective of liberating one of our largest minorities”—Slogan “Children and Fools Speak the Truth”—Les Mattachines (The Society of Fools)

“Should we be considered individuals or be considered a group?”&mdashSocial Directions of the Homosexual

Homosexual Values Versus Community Prejudices

“Perhaps I can begin to learn a little humility”

“The Feast of Fools”—The Homosexual and History...An Invitation to Further Study

“’s oldest science of organization”—Music...Barometer of the Class Struggle

Mattachine Documents—Mattachine Society Missions and Purposes; A Quick Guide to Conducting Discussion Groups; Your Rights in Case of Arrest


“A Homophile Bill of Particular”—Letter to The Ladder

“Calling one another into being”—The Homosexual’s Responsibility to the Community

“We, these elders, have become the real enemies of unity“: An Open Letter to All Homophile Organizations

“Our goal is total liberation”: Statement of Purpose—Gay Liberation Front, Los Angeles

Through the Gay Window—1970-1980

“A Spirit call to freedom” Western Homophile Conference Keynote Address

“Subject-to-subject, equal to equal, sharer to sharer”—Gay Liberation: Chapter Two

“The Hidden Ones”: Christianity’s First Closet Case

“A Call to Gay Brothers”: Spiritual Conference for Radical Faeries

Radical Faerie—1980-1995

“This new planet of Fairy-vision”: Toward the New Frontiers of Fairy Vision...subject-SUBJECT Consciousness

“Essential to the orderly pursuit of happiness”: Radical Faerie Proposals to the “March on Washington” Organizing Meeting

“Sacred persons”: Review of Spirit and the Flesh by Walter Williams

“What we Two-Eyed Ones have to share—What Gay Consciousness Brings, and Has Brought, to the Hetero Left!”

“Our Third Gender responsibilities”—Remarks on 3rd Gender

“The proud descendants of generations of gender outlaw—”Our Beloved Gay/Lesbian Movement at a Crossroads


“One of the Great Earth Mother’s gifts to us all”—Remarks on Rudi’s Passing

“Views and vistas bubbled forth”—John Cage and Don Sample

“Nor all thy tears wash out a word of it”—Reminiscing About Heroes


Harry Hay and Gay Politics by Will Roscoe

Harry Hay Chronology