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Will Roscoe

Publications, Lectures et cetera


Related Materials





Drop...Dead: The DJ Murders, by Tonne Serah [Will Roscoe]. Binghamton, NY: Harrington Park Press, 2007.

Jesus and the Shamanic Tradition of Same-Sex Love.San Francisco: Suspect Thoughts Press, 2004.

Changing Ones: Third and Fourth Genders in Native North America. Palgrave/St. Martin's Press, 1998.

Queer Spirits: A Gay Men's Myth Book.Boston: Beacon Press, 1995.

The Zuni Man-Woman.Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1991.

Reviews have appeared in the American Ethnologist, American Indian Culture and Research Journal, American Indian Quarterly, Medical Anthropology Quarterly, Ethnohistory, Archives of Sexual Behavior, College Literature, Religious Studies Review, Journal of the History of Sexuality, New Mexico Historical Review, Journal of the West, Western Historical Quarterly, Museum Anthropology, Montana: The Magazine of Western History,Los Angeles Times Book Review, San Francisco Review of Books, and Parabola.

Queer Spirits 

Jesus book


Changing Ones


Zuni Man-Woman


Living the Spirit   Radically Gay


Edited Works

Boy Wives and Female Husbands: Studies of African Homosexualities,edited by Stephen O. Murray and Will Roscoe. St. Martin's Press, 1998. Basis for the play Pigs and Dogs, by Caryl Churchill, premiered 2016 at the Royal Court Theatre, London.

Islamic Homosexualities: Culture, History, and Literature,edited by Stephen O. Murray and Will Roscoe. New York: New York University Press, 1997.

Radically Gay: Gay Liberation in the Words of Its Founder,by Harry Hay. Boston: Beacon: 1996.

Living the Spirit: A Gay American Indian Anthology. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1988.


The Fire In Moonlight

Articles & Chapters

“Sexual and Gender Diversity in Native American and the Pacific Islands,”In LGBTQ America: A Theme Study of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer History, edited by Megan E. Springate, 2016. National Park Service. Revised version in Identities and Place: Changing Labels and Intersectional Communities of LGBTQ and Two-Spirit People in the United States, edited by Katherine Crawford-Lackey and Megan E. Springate, 58–88 (New York: Berghahn, 2020).

“The Radicalism of Harry Hay.” Lesbian and Gay Review 20(6), (November–December, 2013): 11–14. Reprinted in In Search of Stonewall: The Riots at 50 the Gay & Lesbian Review at 25 Best Essays, 1994-2018, ed. Richard Schneider Jr. (Boston: G&LR Books, 2019), 57-63.

“Foreword." In The Trouble with Harry Hay: Founder of the Modern Gay Movement, rev. ed., xv-xvii. Brooklyn, N.J.: White Crane Institute, 2012.

“Prelude: Welcome to Planet Faerie.” In The Fire in Moonlight: Stores from the Radical Faeries, 19-26, edited by Mark Thompson. n.p.: White Crane Books, 2010.

"Unsolved Mystery,"Montana Standard, C1-2, October 8, 2006. Reprinted as “1917 Union Lynching Still Casts Pall in Butte,” Helena Independent Record, October 15, 2006.

“There Was a Child Went Forth.” Ashé! Journal of Experiemental Spirituality 4(2) (2005): 231-34.

“Native American Berdache or Two-Spirits.” At an encyclopedia of gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender & queer culture, 2004.

"Berdache." In Encyclopedia of the Great Plains, edited by David Wishart. Lincoln: Center for Great Plains Studies, 2004.

"We'wha," "Klah," "Osh-Tisch," "Lozen," "Maurice Kenny." In Encyclopedia of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender History and Culture, ed. Marc Stein. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons Reference Books, 2003.

"Das Dritte Geschlecht im Mythos und Ritual der Zuni, Nordamerika." In Sie und Er: Frauenmacht und Männerherrschaft im Kulturvergleich [Her and Him: Female Power and Male Dominance in Cross-Cultural Perspective], 149-54. Cologne: Rautenstrauch-Joest-Museum, 1997.

"Gender Diversity in Native North America: Notes Toward a Unified Analysis." In A Queer World: The Center for Lesbian and Gay Studies Reader, edited by Martin Duberman, 65-81. New York: New York University Press, 1997.

"Precursors of Islamic Male Homosexualities." In Islamic Homosexualities: Culture, History, and Literature, edited by Stephen O. Murray and Will Roscoe, 55-86. New York: New York University Press, 1997.

"Writing Queer Cultures: An Impossible Possibility?" In Out in the Field: Reflections of Lesbian and Gay Anthropologists, edited by Ellen Lewin and William L. Leap, 200-211. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1996.

"Priests of the Goddess: Gender Transgression in Ancient Religion."History of Religions 35(3) (1996): 295-330.

"'Strange Craft, Strange History, Strange Folks': Cultural Amnesia and the Case for Lesbian/Gay Studies."American Anthropologist 97(3) (1995): 448-53.

"Was We'wha a Homosexual?: Native American Survivance and the Two-Spirit Tradition." GLQ: A Journal of Lesbian/Gay Studies 2(3) (1995): 193-235.

"Maurice Kenny" and "Native North American Literature." In The Gay and Lesbian Literary Heritage: A Reader's Companion to the Writers and their Works, from Antiquity to the Present, edited by Claude Summers, 419-20, 513-16. New York: Norton, 1995.

"How to Become a Berdache: Toward a Unified Analysis of Multiple Genders." In Third Sex, Third Gender: Beyond Sexual Dimorphism in Culture and History, edited by Gilbert Herdt, 329-72. New York: Zone Books, 1994.

"Dreaming the Myth: An Introduction to Mythology for Gay Men." In Same-Sex Love and the Path to Wholeness, edited by Robert H. Hopcke, Karin L. Carrington, and Scott Wirth, 110-24. Boston: Shambala Press, 1993.

"Writing Lesbian and Gay Culture(s): An Impossible Possibility?" Our Stories 7(1/2) (Fall 1991/Winter 1992): 1, 10-12.

"History's Future: Reflections on Lesbian and Gay History in the Community." In Gay and Lesbian Studies, edited by Henry L. Minton, 161-79. Binghamton, NY: Haworth Press, 1992.

"The Semiotics of Gender on Zuni Kachinas." The Kiva 55(1) (1990): 49-70.

"That Is My Road: The Life and Times of a Crow Berdache." Montana: The Magazine of Western History 40(1) (winter 1990): 46-55.

"Office Workers on Strike? San Francisco 1981; Post-Mortem II." In Bad Attitude: The Processed World Anthology, edited by Chris Carlsson and Mark Leger, 109-112. London: Verso, 1990.

"On the Future of Lesbian and Gay Studies: A Dialogue with Will Roscoe." In Homosexuality as Behavior and Identity: Vol. 2, Dialogues of the Sexual Revolution, by Lawrence D. Mass, 234-52. New York: Haworth Press, 1990.

"We'wha and Klah: The American Indian Berdache as Artist and Priest."American Indian Quarterly 12(2) (1988): 127-50. Reprinted in Que(e)rying Religion: A Critical Anthology, edited by Gary David Comstock and Susan E. Henking, 89-106. New York: Continuum, 1997.

"Making History: The Challenge of Gay and Lesbian Studies." Journal of Homosexuality 15(3/4) (1988): 1-40.

"The Zuni Man-Woman: A Traditional Philosophy of Gender." Out/Look 1(2) (June 1988): 56-67. Reprinted in Ethnographic Studies of Homosexuality, edited by Wayne R. Dynes and Stephen Donaldson. New York: Garland, 1992.

"History Comes Home: Gay Studies on the Rez.? Society of Lesbian and Gay Anthropologists Newsletter 10(1) (February 1988).

A Blessing from Wovoka, with Harry Hay. San Francisco: Vortex Media, 1988. Reprinted inA Radical Fairy's Seedbed: The Collected Series, ed. Bradley Rose. San Francisco: Vortex/Nomenus, 1997.

Politics and Visions: The Story of Gay Liberation. San Francisco: Vortex Media, 1987. Reprinted inA Radical Fairy's Seedbed: The Collected Series.

"A Bibliography of Berdache and Alternative Gender Roles Among North American Indians." Journal of Homosexuality 14(3/4) (1987): 81-171.

"Desert Circle: Passages and Images from the Spiritual Conference." In New Men/New Minds: Breaking Male Traditions, edited by Franklin Abbott. Freedom, CA: Crossing Press, 1987.

"Living the Tradition: Gay American Indians." In Gay Spirit: Myth and Meaning, edited by Mark Thompson, 69-77. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1987.

"Sex Role/Social Control." Processed World 7 (1983): 21-29.

"The Murder of Frank Little: An Injury to One is an Injury to All," unpub. ms., 1973. (Original research in Montana labor history.)

"The Bitter Exodus of the Salish." Montana Historian 2(2) (1972): 2-5.


Reviews & Essays

"Mapping the Perverse." Review of The Geography of Perversion: Male-to-Male Sexual Behavior outside the West and the Ethnographic Imagination, 1750-1918 by Rudi C. Bleys and Sex and Conquest: Gender Construction and Political Order at the Time of the European Conquest of the Americas by Richard C. Trexler. American Anthropologist 98(4) (1996): 8-10.

The Peyote Religion among the Navaho by David F. Aberle. American Indian Quarterly 17(1) (1993): 146-48.

"Lavender Lotuses: South Asians Show the Varied Ways of Being Gay." Review of A Lotus of Another Color: An Unfolding of the South Asian Gay and Lesbian Experience edited by Rakesh Ratti. Lambda Book Report 3(9) (1993): 24-25.

"Voices of Outrage Reawaken." Review of Almanac of the Dead by Leslie Marmon Silko. San Francisco Chronicle Review, 3 November 1991, 1, 11.

"Columbus' Comeuppance." Review of The Heirs of Columbus by Gerald Vizenor. San Francisco Chronicle Review, 4 August 1991, 1, 11.

"Free at Last?" Review of The Psychoanalytic Theory of Male Homosexuality by Kenneth Lewes and Jung, Jungians, and Homosexuality by Robert Hopcke. San Francisco Jung Institute Library Journal 10(2) (1991): 53-68.

Neither Man nor Woman: The Hijras of India by Serena Nanda. Journal of Homosexuality 21(3) (1991): 117-25.

"Native America: Past and Future." Review of Wampum Belts & Peace Trees by Gregory Schaaf and Tribal Assets by Robert White. San Francisco Chronicle Review, 23 December 1990, 4.

A Stranger in her Native Land: Alice Fletcher and the American Indians by Joan Mark. Society of Lesbian and Gay Anthropologists Newsletter 11(3) (October 1989).

"What Child is This?" Review of The God of Ecstasy by Arthur Evans and Gay Spirit by Mark Thompson. San Francisco Jung Institute Library Journal 8(2) (1988): 41-60.

"Beyond the Noble Savage: A Cross-Cultural Look at Homosexuality." Review of The Many Faces of Homosexuality, edited by Evelyn Blackwood. The Advocate #473 (1987): 56-59.

"Indian Berdache: A Traditional Gay Role?" Review of The Spirit and the Flesh, by Walter L. Williams. The Advocate #460 (1986): 60-62, 129.

Papers & Lectures

"Radical Love, Visionary Politics: The Adventure of Harry Hay," conference keynote, Radically Gay: The Life and Visionary Legacy of Harry Hay, Center for Lesbian and Gay Studies, City University of New York, September 27-30, New York City.

The Women’s and Gender Studies Speaker Series. February 2009. “Strange Country This: The Native American Two-Spirit Tradition.” University of Miami.

Intersexions: Standing Committee on Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgender Concerns Annual Symposium. University of Oregon, Eugene. April 2000. “Woman Warrior/Woman Chief: Two-Spirit Women and Their Sisters.”

Friends of Ethnic Art/M. H. deYoung Museum. San Francisco. “Visions of Double Woman: Art and Sexuality in Lakota Religion.”

American Cultures Forum. Santa Rosa Junior College. May 1998. "San Francisco's Castro Street: An Ethnic Studies Perspective."

Sixty-third Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. March 1998. Discussant for session “Archaeology of Sexuality.”

Lesbian and Gay History: Defining a Field. City College of New York, History Department, October 1995. Invited speaker for panel “Gender and the Homosexual Role.”

American Historical Association 1994 Annual Meeting. Organized session, “Citizens, Warriors and Priests: Social Constructions of Homosexuality in the Ancient World” and presented “Priests of the Goddess: Gender Transgression in the Ancient World.”

At the Frontier: Homosexuality and the Social Sciences. City College of New York, Center for Lesbian and Gay Studies, December 1993. Invited speaker.

American Anthropological Association 92th Annual Meeting. November 1993. “’Was We’wha a Homosexual?’: Native American Survivance and the Two-Spirit Tradition.”

Jing Lyman Lecture Series. Stanford University, May 1993. “Priests of the Goddess: Gender Transgression and the Ancient World.”

Balancing the Universe: Gender Roles in Plains Indian Art. Institute of American Indian Arts Museum and Recursos de Santa Fe, Santa Fe, NM, March 1993. Symposium faculty member.

Racial Ethnic Harmony Week. Kansas State University, October 1992.

23rd Conference of the Western Association of Women Historians. May 1992. Commentator for session on “Masculinity and American Politics.”

Graduate Student Colloquium Series. Classics Department, Stanford University, March 1992. “Priests of the Goddess: Gender Transgression in the Ancient World.”

American Anthropological Association 90th Annual Meeting. November 1991. “Lesbian and Gay Ethnography: An Impossible Possibility?”

Out/Write Conference. March 1990. “Telling Our Stories: The Role of Biography in Recovering Our Past.”

Children of One Father: Zuni History 1850-1900. Zuni Archives Project and the Zuni High School, November 1987.

The New Gender Scholarship: Women’s and Men’s Studies. University of Southern California, February 1987. “The Zuni Berdache and a Traditional Philosophy of Gender.”

Lectures have been presented at Stanford University; University of California at Berkeley, Santa Cruz, and Los Angeles; California State University at Hayward, Sonoma, and San Bernardino; Georgia State University; Dartmouth College; Evergreen State College; Western Washington University; University of Washington; University of New Mexico; California College of Arts and Crafts; Kansas State University; San Francisco Jung Institute; Institute for the Advanced Study of Human Sexuality; Santa Rosa Junior College; Center for Latin American Studies, Brown University; Southwest Museum; Wheelwright Museum of the American Indian; Museum of New Mexico; San Jose American Indian Center; Central Oregon Community College. Public lectures have been presented in San Francisco, Los Angeles, Seattle, Minneapolis, Atlanta, Washington, D.C., Denver, Toronto, Melbourne, and Sydney.


Awards and Fellowships

Ashé Journal Book Award. 1995. Finalist for Jesus and the Shamanic Tradition of Same-Sex Love.

Lambda Literary Award. 2004. Best book in religion/spirituality for Jesus and the Shamanic Tradition of Same-Sex Love.

Monette-Horwitz Trust Distinguished Achievement Award. 2003. Recognition for lifetime achievement in combatting homophobia through scholarship and writing.

American Folklore Society, Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Folklore Section Publication Prize. 1999. Honorable Mention for Changing Ones and Boy-Wives and Female Husbands.

Progressive Magazine Notable Book. 1996. For Radically Gay.

Lambda Literary Award. 1996, 1998. Finalist in gay men’s studies for Radically Gay and Changing Ones.

Audre Lorde Prize. 1994. Committee on Lesbian and Gay History of the American Historical Association. For article, “History’s Future: Reflections on Lesbian and Gay History in the Community.”

Margaret Mead Award. 1991. American Anthropology Association and the Society for Applied Anthropology. For The Zuni Man-Woman and ongoing efforts to inter­pret anthropology to a broad audience.

Lambda Literary Award. 1991. Award for best nonfiction book for The Zuni Man-Woman.

Crompton-Noll Award. 1986. Gay Caucus, Modern Language Association. For essay, “Making History.”