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Apache Warrior and Medicine Woman


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“LOZEN is as my right hand. Strong as a MAN, braver than most, and CUNNING in strategy, Lozen is a SHIELD to her people.”
—Apache chief Victorio

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In my book Changing Ones: Third and Fourth Genders in Native North America, I briefly summarized Lozen’s career. Since then I’ve been able to do additional research, which has lead to me attribute even greater significance to her role in Apache history. I originally posted this slideshow in PowerPoint format in 2005. Now I've been able to update it and convert it to a more user-friendly Flash presentation. I offer it here as a public lecture/work-in-progress; no part of it should be distributed or reproduced without permission of copyright holders.

—Will Roscoe
November 3, 2010